Folic acid is a synthetic form of folate (vitamin B9). It plays an important role in maintaining proper brain function. Folic acid is crucial during infancy, adolescence and pregnancy as it helps in the production of genetic material and is important in the development of cells and tissues.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is important for maintaining the health of the nervous system. It works closely with folate (vitamin B9) in the production of red blood cells and the processing of iron.
Retinol (vitamin A1) plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy vision, especially night vision. It is important for the development of skin, bones and teeth.
D2 is produced by plants and D3 by the human skin when exposed to sunlight. Their main role is to maintain normal calcium and phosphorus blood levels, helping to promote bone and teeth health.
Rarely present in foods, vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin usually obtained through sun exposure. It facilitates the absorption of calcium which is essential for bone health.
Cholesterol is a lipid essential for producing hormones and takes two forms: LDL, or bad cholesterol, and HDL, good cholesterol. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) contributes to plaque, which can clog arteries and increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) removes LDL from the arteries and carries it to the liver to be broken down.