Public health care is more affordable for an average citizen and usually guaranteed for everyone. Source: city's official website, 2021.
The average rent of a single-bedroom apartment located in the city center. This indicates how much of your salary would be allocated to rent expenses, and the general cost of living of the city. Source: numbeo.com, 2021.
Source: Wikipedia, 2021; city's official stats, 2021.
Universities, as centers of higher education and research, are important contributions to a city’s development. Source: Wikipedia, 2021.
The Gini coefficient is a measure of dispersion, in this case used to show the variation in income. A Gini coefficient of zero expresses perfect equality. A Gini coefficient of one expresses maximal inequality. Lower income inequalities indicate a more equal distribution of wealth and better opportunities for the average citizen. Source: Wikipedia, 2021.
The standard value-added tax (VAT) rate. Source: Wikipedia, 2021.
The annual survey ranks 221 cities using 39 criteria. Important criteria are safety, education, hygiene, healthcare, culture, environment, recreation, political-economic stability and public transport. Source: Mercer, 2021.
The prices of highly demanded consumer goods can help estimate the average cost of groceries and the overall cost of living in the city. A lower average price for one liter of milk may indicate that the city is less expensive compared to other cities. Source: numbeo.com, 2021.