50 facts in comparison
The amount of food energy in kiloJoules (kJ) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 7,500 kJ (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
Proteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.
Lipids are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. They provide energy and also play a key role in the production of hormones and cell membranes, as well as in the absorption of nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins.
Dietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.
Foods with high water content help you stay hydrated. Water also helps transporting nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.
The amount of food energy in kilocalories (kcal) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 1,800 kcal (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and are divided in 4 groups: oligosaccharides (glycose), monosaccharides and disaccharides which are sugars and serve as a quick source of energy, while polysaccharides, like starches serve for storing energy.
Copper is an essential trace mineral that helps in the formation of collagen and elastin, which are essential for tissue and bone integrity.
The ash content refers to the total amount of minerals contained (potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium).
Calcium is a mineral which is very important for bone health. The recommended daily dose for adults is approximately 1000mg per day.
Iron is found in hemoglobin, which represents approximately 2 thirds of the body’s iron reserve.
Magnesium is an important mineral for bone development and helps the proper functioning of various metabolic processes, like activating the enzymes that help in energy production.
Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral found in the human body, after calcium. It helps cellular reproduction and contributes to the growth and repair of tissues.
Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin that comes in various forms. It is primarily important in maintaining healthy vision and the development of bones, soft tissues and skin. IU (International Units) is the unit of measurement that almost all food labels use.
Thiamin (vitamin B1) assists the body's cells change carbohydrates into energy. It is commonly found in grain-based foods like bread and cereals.
Ribolflavin (vitamin B2) is one of the most important vitamins from the B complex series. It is necessary for breaking down carbohydrates and for processing amino acids and fats.
Niacin or vitamin B3 aids the body by lowering cholesterol and triglycerides (fat). Like other vitamins from the B complex series, it also helps convert carbohydrates into glucose.
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) contributes to lowering cholesterol and triglycerides (fat) in the body. Like all B vitamins, it is involved in the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose. It also contributes to maintaining the health of the nervous system.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is needed for the production of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine. It's essential for absorbing vitamin B12 and takes part in the production of red blood cells, various cells of the immune system and in the formation of myelin, which protects nerve cells from damage.
Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans, Bengal Gram)
Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that the body needs for growth, for creating the sleep hormone melatonin, the neurotransmitter serotonin and for the synthesis of vitamin B3.
Threonine is an essential amino acid that helps promote normal growth of the body. It also helps various systems in the body like cardiovascular, liver, nervous and immune system.
Isoleucine is an essential amino acid, important for the the synthesis of hemoglobin, the regulation and stabilization of blood sugars and energy levels, and tissue repair.
Leucine is an essential amino acid for adipose, muscle and liver tissues. It stimulates protein synthesis, protecting muscles from stress and is important for regulating blood sugar and stimulating insulin release, which is important for building muscles.
Lysine is an essential amino acid that helps the body absorb calcium and has a crucial role in collagen formation.
Methionine is an essential amino acid that plays an important role in synthesizing other proteins, forming cartilage tissues, dissolving fat and reducing fat in the liver. It has an anti-inflammatory and pain relieving effect and strengthens hair and nail structure.
Daidzin is an isoflavone compound found in vegetables and legumes, especially soy and soybeans. It stimulates the formation of bone mass and helps regulate estrogen levels.