Proteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.
Foods with high water content help you stay hydrated. Water also helps transporting nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.
The total amount of sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, maltose, and trehalose. A sugar-heavy diet can cause metabolic dysfunctions.
Dietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.
Iron is found in hemoglobin, which represents approximately 2 thirds of the body’s iron reserve.
Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and are divided in 4 groups: oligosaccharides (glycose), monosaccharides and disaccharides which are sugars and serve as a quick source of energy, while polysaccharides, like starches serve for storing energy.