The best medium format cameras

Top 10Best for videoSports photography
Cameras (1 - 5)
Fujifilm GFX100Fujifilm GFX 50S IIFujifilm GFX100SFujifilm GFX 50RHasselblad X2D 100CHasselblad X1D-50cLeica S (TYP 007)Hasselblad 907X 50CLeica S3Hasselblad X1D
Image
Fujifilm GFX100
Fujifilm GFX 50S II
Fujifilm GFX100S
Fujifilm GFX 50R
Hasselblad X2D 100C
Hasselblad X1D-50c
Leica S (TYP 007)
Hasselblad 907X 50C
Leica S3
Hasselblad X1D
Best price
Best price
Megapixels (main camera)The number of megapixels determines the resolution of the images captured with the main camera. A higher megapixel count means that the camera is capable of capturing more details. However, the megapixel count is not the only important element determining the quality of an image.
Megapixels (main camera)The number of megapixels determines the resolution of the images captured with the main camera. A higher megapixel count means that the camera is capable of capturing more details. However, the megapixel count is not the only important element determining the quality of an image.102MP
51.4MP
102MP
51.4MP
100MP
50MP
37.5MP
50MP
64MP
50MP
Sensor sizeThe larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
Sensor sizeThe larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.45 x 30mm
N.A.45 x 30mm
N.A.
Focus pointsThe more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Focus pointsThe more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.425
N.A.425
117
294
N.A.N.A.117
N.A.N.A.
Maximum light sensitivityWith a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Maximum light sensitivityWith a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.25600 ISO
N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
Video recording (main camera)The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.
Video recording (main camera)The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.2160 x 30fps
1080 x 30fps
2160 x 30fps
1080 x 30fps
N.A.1080 x 25fps
2160 x 24fps
1080 x 30fps
2160 x 24fps
1080 x 25fps
Sensor shift stabilizationWith sensor shift, the image sensor (rather than the lens) moves to counterbalance any vibration of the camera. This means the image will be stabilised regardless of what lens is being used.
Sensor shift stabilizationWith sensor shift, the image sensor (rather than the lens) moves to counterbalance any vibration of the camera. This means the image will be stabilised regardless of what lens is being used.
Battery life (CIPA)CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
Battery life (CIPA)CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.800shots
440shots
460shots
400shots
N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
Weather-sealed (splashproof)The device is protected with extra seals to prevent failures caused by dust, raindrops, and water splashes.
Weather-sealed (splashproof)The device is protected with extra seals to prevent failures caused by dust, raindrops, and water splashes.

If you’re venturing into the land of professional photography, it’s inevitable that you’ll encounter medium format photography at one point during your career. Fashion and landscape photographers and especially those interested in shooting high-resolution creative ads that’ll be plastered all over billboards will need to become familiar with this format and the cameras that support it.

What is a medium format camera?

Originally, the medium format in photography was one of the three major formats of film photography. Small, medium, and large formats referred to the different sizes of the physical film used to shoot for each format. Today, we still use similar terms when we refer to a “full-frame camera,” for example. Full-frame digital cameras have sensors that mimic the size of a 35mm frame of traditional film. Medium format digital cameras, however, have larger sensors that can take higher-quality photos with more depth and that retain more detail.

When does a medium format camera make sense?

Medium format cameras are known for producing extremely high-quality images in stunning detail and vivid color. Therefore, they’re often used in fashion and advertising, but you’ll also find it helpful to shoot with a medium format camera if you’re taking studio portraits or are interested in landscape photography. These types of cameras allow for an expanded depth of field, which is especially helpful in landscape and travel photography.

Medium format digital cameras

While the term initially came from film cameras (and you can still purchase them today), medium format digital cameras do exist. They’ll come with a higher price tag, but it pays off in terms of quality and features. The Fujifilm GFX 50S, for example, has a resolution of a whopping 51.4 megapixels and a 43.8 x 32.9mm CMOS sensor. The Pentax 645Z is another example of a digital medium format camera with a large sensor.

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