51 facts in comparison
The amount of food energy in kiloJoules (kJ) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 7,500 kJ (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
Proteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.
Lipids are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. They provide energy and also play a key role in the production of hormones and cell membranes, as well as in the absorption of nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins.
Dietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.
Foods with high water content help you stay hydrated. Water also helps transporting nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.
The amount of food energy in kilocalories (kcal) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 1,800 kcal (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and are divided in 4 groups: oligosaccharides (glycose), monosaccharides and disaccharides which are sugars and serve as a quick source of energy, while polysaccharides, like starches serve for storing energy.
The total amount of sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, maltose, and trehalose. A sugar-heavy diet can cause metabolic dysfunctions.
Copper is an essential trace mineral that helps in the formation of collagen and elastin, which are essential for tissue and bone integrity.
Selenium is an important mineral with antioxidant properties. It helps the body's detoxification system and strengthens the immune system.
Calcium is a mineral which is very important for bone health. The recommended daily dose for adults is approximately 1000mg per day.
Iron is found in hemoglobin, which represents approximately 2 thirds of the body’s iron reserve.
Magnesium is an important mineral for bone development and helps the proper functioning of various metabolic processes, like activating the enzymes that help in energy production.
The ash content refers to the total amount of minerals contained (potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium).
Folate (vitamin B9), a natural form of folic acid, helps maintain proper brain function. It is crucial during infancy, adolescence and pregnancy, as it helps in the production of genetic material, and is important in the development of cells and tissues.
Also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, vitamin C helps strengthen the immune system and is commonly used to prevent viral infectious diseases.
Thiamin (vitamin B1) assists the body's cells change carbohydrates into energy. It is commonly found in grain-based foods like bread and cereals.
Ribolflavin (vitamin B2) is one of the most important vitamins from the B complex series. It is necessary for breaking down carbohydrates and for processing amino acids and fats.
Niacin or vitamin B3 aids the body by lowering cholesterol and triglycerides (fat). Like other vitamins from the B complex series, it also helps convert carbohydrates into glucose.
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) contributes to lowering cholesterol and triglycerides (fat) in the body. Like all B vitamins, it is involved in the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose. It also contributes to maintaining the health of the nervous system.
Methionine is an essential amino acid that plays an important role in synthesizing other proteins, forming cartilage tissues, dissolving fat and reducing fat in the liver. It has an anti-inflammatory and pain relieving effect and strengthens hair and nail structure.
Serine is an amino acid that contributes to the biosynthesis of proteins, playing a key role in various metabolic processes.
Glycine, a non-essential amino acid, is needed to build proteins, RNA, DNA and to produce hormones nucleic acids and bile acids. It helps absorbing calcium, retarding degeneration of muscles, promoting a strong immune system.
Glutamic acid or glutamate is primarily used by the brain as it is a neurotransmitter. It helps to excite the brain and to maintain normal brain function by removing excess ammonia, inhibiting proper brain functioning, and then convert it to glutamine.
Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that the body needs for growth, for creating the sleep hormone melatonin, the neurotransmitter serotonin and for the synthesis of vitamin B3.
Threonine is an essential amino acid that helps promote normal growth of the body. It also helps various systems in the body like cardiovascular, liver, nervous and immune system.
Glycitein is an antioxidant and acts as a weak estrogen. Comes from soy food products.