Best fruits for a healthy diet

Which are the healthiest and most nutritious fruits?

Best fruits of 2020 (1 - 5)
fruit comparison
Comparison winner
fruit comparison
Comparison winner
Tamarind
Comparison winner
Avocado
Comparison winner
Passion Fruit
Comparison winner
California Avocados
Comparison winner
Florida Avocados
Comparison winner
Abiyuch
Comparison winner
Rowal
Comparison winner
Lemon Peel
Comparison winner
Blackberry
Comparison winner
Raspberry
Image
Tamarind
100points
Avocado
87points
Passion Fruit
86points
California Avocados
82points
Florida Avocados
76points
Abiyuch
73points
Rowal
70points
Lemon Peel
69points
Blackberry
66points
Raspberry
66points
Summary
Summary
  • General values (82)
  • Sugars (100)
  • Minerals (100)
  • Vitamins (74)
  • Amino acids (1)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (80)
  • Sugars (47)
  • Minerals (57)
  • Vitamins (100)
  • Amino acids (19)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (80)
  • Sugars (52)
  • Minerals (51)
  • Vitamins (83)
  • Amino acids (0)
  • Antioxidants (25)
  • General values (100)
  • Sugars (47)
  • Minerals (51)
  • Vitamins (95)
  • Amino acids (19)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (92)
  • Sugars (60)
  • Minerals (35)
  • Vitamins (86)
  • Amino acids (18)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (77)
  • Sugars (57)
  • Minerals (42)
  • Vitamins (55)
  • Amino acids (0)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (89)
  • Sugars (50)
  • Minerals (50)
  • Vitamins (63)
  • Amino acids (0)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (79)
  • Sugars (55)
  • Minerals (35)
  • Vitamins (68)
  • Amino acids (0)
  • Antioxidants (0)
  • General values (55)
  • Sugars (46)
  • Minerals (29)
  • Vitamins (92)
  • Amino acids (29)
  • Antioxidants (5)
  • General values (56)
  • Sugars (44)
  • Minerals (26)
  • Vitamins (91)
  • Amino acids (100)
  • Antioxidants (11)
Pros
Pros
  • More magnesium per 100g
  • More proteins per 100g
  • More iron per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More food energy (kJ) per 100g
  • More calcium per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More dietary fiber per 100g
  • Less fructose per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More food energy (kJ) per 100g
  • More lipids per 100g
  • More proteins per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More iron per 100g
  • More dietary fiber per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More vitamin A (IU) per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More dietary fiber per 100g
  • Less fructose per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More food energy (kJ) per 100g
  • More lipids per 100g
  • More proteins per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • Less fructose per 100g
  • Less sucrose per 100g
  • More glucose per 100g
  • More lipids per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More iron per 100g
  • Less sucrose per 100g
  • More glucose per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More manganese per 100g
  • More magnesium per 100g
  • More proteins per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More iron per 100g
  • More dietary fiber per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More dietary fiber per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More calcium per 100g
  • More vitamin C per 100g
  • More vitamin B6 per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More glucose per 100g
  • More calcium per 100g
  • More manganese per 100g
  • More vitamin A (RAE) per 100g
  • More kaempferol per 100g
  • Smaller amount of sugars per 100g
  • More dietary fiber per 100g
  • More food energy (kcal) per 100g
  • More calcium per 100g
  • More manganese per 100g
Cons
Cons
                      General values
                      More food energy (kcal) per 100gThe amount of food energy in kilocalories (kcal) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 1,800 kcal (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
                      More food energy (kcal) per 100gThe amount of food energy in kilocalories (kcal) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 1,800 kcal (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).239kcal160kcal97kcal167kcal120kcal69kcal111kcal47kcal43kcal52kcal
                      More food energy (kJ) per 100gThe amount of food energy in kiloJoules (kJ) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 7,500 kJ (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
                      More food energy (kJ) per 100gThe amount of food energy in kiloJoules (kJ) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 7,500 kJ (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).1000kJ670kJ406kJ697kJ501kJ290kJ462kJ197kJ181kJ220kJ
                      More proteins per 100gProteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.
                      More proteins per 100gProteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.2.8g2g2.2g1.96g2.23g1.5g2.3g1.5g1.39g1.2g
                      More dietary fiber per 100gDietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.
                      More dietary fiber per 100gDietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.5.1g6.7g10.4g6.8g5.6g5.3g6.2g10.6g5.3g6.5g
                      More lipids per 100gLipids are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. They provide energy and also play a key role in the production of hormones and cell membranes, as well as in the absorption of nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins.
                      More lipids per 100gLipids are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. They provide energy and also play a key role in the production of hormones and cell membranes, as well as in the absorption of nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins.0.6g14.66g0.7g15.41g10.06g0.1g2g0.3g0.49g0.65g
                      Total score for "General values"
                      Total score for "General values"
                      Sugars
                      Less sucrose per 100gSucrose, also known as table sugar, is composed out of glucose and fructose. Sucrose is rich in calories, but doesn’t have a high nutritional value.
                      Less sucrose per 100gSucrose, also known as table sugar, is composed out of glucose and fructose. Sucrose is rich in calories, but doesn’t have a high nutritional value.N.A.0.06gN.A.0.06g0g0.05g12.5gN.A.0.07g0.2g
                      More glucose per 100gGlucose, also known as blood sugar, is the main source of energy.
                      More glucose per 100gGlucose, also known as blood sugar, is the main source of energy.N.A.0.37gN.A.0.08g2.17g4.5g1.1gN.A.2.31g1.86g
                      Less fructose per 100gFructose, also called fruit sugar, is a monosaccharide which is absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Consuming too much fructose can cause high blood pressure.
                      Less fructose per 100gFructose, also called fruit sugar, is a monosaccharide which is absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Consuming too much fructose can cause high blood pressure.N.A.0.12gN.A.0.08g0.25g3.8g0.5gN.A.2.4g2.35g
                      Smaller amount of sugars per 100gThe total amount of sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, maltose, and trehalose. A sugar-heavy diet can cause metabolic dysfunctions.
                      Smaller amount of sugars per 100gThe total amount of sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, maltose, and trehalose. A sugar-heavy diet can cause metabolic dysfunctions.38.8g0.66g11.2g0.3g2.42g8.55g14.1g4.17g4.88g4.42g
                      More carbohydrates per 100gCarbohydrates are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and are divided in 4 groups: oligosaccharides (glycose), monosaccharides and disaccharides which are sugars and serve as a quick source of energy, while polysaccharides, like starches serve for storing energy.
                      More carbohydrates per 100gCarbohydrates are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and are divided in 4 groups: oligosaccharides (glycose), monosaccharides and disaccharides which are sugars and serve as a quick source of energy, while polysaccharides, like starches serve for storing energy.62.5g8.53g23.38g8.64g7.82g17.6g23.9g16g9.61g11.94g
                      Total score for "Sugars"
                      Total score for "Sugars"
                      Minerals
                      More calcium per 100gCalcium is a mineral which is very important for bone health. The recommended daily dose for adults is approximately 1000mg.
                      More calcium per 100gCalcium is a mineral which is very important for bone health. The recommended daily dose for adults is approximately 1000mg.74mg12mg12mg13mg10mg8mg15mg134mg29mg25mg
                      More iron per 100gIron is found in hemoglobin, which represents approximately 2 thirds of the body’s iron reserve.
                      More iron per 100gIron is found in hemoglobin, which represents approximately 2 thirds of the body’s iron reserve.2.8mg0.55mg1.6mg0.61mg0.17mg1.61mg2.2mg0.8mg0.62mg0.69mg
                      More magnesium per 100gMagnesium is an important mineral for bone development and helps the proper functioning of various metabolic processes, like activating the enzymes that help in energy production.
                      More magnesium per 100gMagnesium is an important mineral for bone development and helps the proper functioning of various metabolic processes, like activating the enzymes that help in energy production.92mg29mg29mg29mg24mg24mg32mg15mg20mg22mg
                      More sodium per 100gSodium helps regulate the water level in the cells, especially in the kidneys. The amount of sodium consumed also influences blood pressure.
                      More sodium per 100gSodium helps regulate the water level in the cells, especially in the kidneys. The amount of sodium consumed also influences blood pressure.28mg7mg28mg8mg2mg20mg4mg6mg1mg1mg
                      More manganese per 100gManganese is a trace mineral that assists in bone formation, skin integrity and assists the enzymes that control blood sugar.
                      More manganese per 100gManganese is a trace mineral that assists in bone formation, skin integrity and assists the enzymes that control blood sugar.N.A.0.14mgN.A.0.15mg0.1mg0.18mg0.15mgN.A.0.65mg0.67mg
                      Total score for "Minerals"
                      Total score for "Minerals"
                      Vitamins
                      More vitamin C per 100gAlso known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, vitamin C helps strengthen the immune system and is commonly used to prevent viral infectious diseases.
                      More vitamin C per 100gAlso known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, vitamin C helps strengthen the immune system and is commonly used to prevent viral infectious diseases.3.5mg10mg30mg8.8mg17.4mg54.1mg25.8mg129mg21mg26.2mg
                      More vitamin B6 per 100gVitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is needed for the production of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine. It's essential for absorbing vitamin B12 and takes part in the production of red blood cells, various cells of the immune system and in the formation of myelin, which protects nerve cells from damage.
                      More vitamin B6 per 100gVitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is needed for the production of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine. It's essential for absorbing vitamin B12 and takes part in the production of red blood cells, various cells of the immune system and in the formation of myelin, which protects nerve cells from damage.0.07mg0.26mg0.1mg0.29mg0.08mgN.A.N.A.0.17mg0.03mg0.06mg
                      More vitamin A (RAE) per 100gVitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is primarily important for maintaining healthy vision. It also acts as an antioxidant and is important for the health of teeth, bones, soft tissues and skin. RAE (Retinol Activity Equivalent) is the unit of measurement the scientific community prefers.
                      More vitamin A (RAE) per 100gVitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is primarily important for maintaining healthy vision. It also acts as an antioxidant and is important for the health of teeth, bones, soft tissues and skin. RAE (Retinol Activity Equivalent) is the unit of measurement the scientific community prefers.2µg7µg64µg7µg7µg5µg19µg3µg11µg2µg
                      More vitamin A (IU) per 100gVitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin that comes in various forms. It is primarily important in maintaining healthy vision and the development of bones, soft tissues and skin. IU (International Units) is the unit of measurement that almost all food labels use.
                      More vitamin A (IU) per 100gVitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin that comes in various forms. It is primarily important in maintaining healthy vision and the development of bones, soft tissues and skin. IU (International Units) is the unit of measurement that almost all food labels use.30IU146IU1272IU147IU140IU100IU383IU50IU214IU33IU
                      More pantothenic acid per 100gPantothenic acid (vitamin B5) contributes to lowering cholesterol and triglycerides (fat) in the body. Like all B vitamins, it is involved in the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose. It also contributes to maintaining the health of the nervous system.
                      More pantothenic acid per 100gPantothenic acid (vitamin B5) contributes to lowering cholesterol and triglycerides (fat) in the body. Like all B vitamins, it is involved in the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose. It also contributes to maintaining the health of the nervous system.0.14mg1.39mgN.A.1.46mg0.93mgN.A.N.A.0.32mg0.28mg0.33mg
                      Total score for "Vitamins"
                      Total score for "Vitamins"
                      Amino acids
                      More isoleucine per 100gIsoleucine is an essential amino acid, important for the the synthesis of hemoglobin, the regulation and stabilization of blood sugars and energy levels, and tissue repair.
                      More isoleucine per 100gIsoleucine is an essential amino acid, important for the the synthesis of hemoglobin, the regulation and stabilization of blood sugars and energy levels, and tissue repair.N.A.0.08gN.A.0.08g0.09gN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
                      More leucine per 100gLeucine is an essential amino acid for adipose, muscle and liver tissues. It stimulates protein synthesis, protecting muscles from stress and is important for regulating blood sugar and stimulating insulin release, which is important for building muscles.
                      More leucine per 100gLeucine is an essential amino acid for adipose, muscle and liver tissues. It stimulates protein synthesis, protecting muscles from stress and is important for regulating blood sugar and stimulating insulin release, which is important for building muscles.N.A.0.14gN.A.0.14g0.16gN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
                      More lysine per 100gLysine is an essential amino acid that helps the body absorb calcium and has a crucial role in collagen formation.
                      More lysine per 100gLysine is an essential amino acid that helps the body absorb calcium and has a crucial role in collagen formation.0.14g0.13gN.A.0.13g0.15gN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
                      More threonine per 100gThreonine is an essential amino acid that helps promote normal growth of the body. It also helps various systems in the body like cardiovascular, liver, nervous and immune system.
                      More threonine per 100gThreonine is an essential amino acid that helps promote normal growth of the body. It also helps various systems in the body like cardiovascular, liver, nervous and immune system.N.A.0.07gN.A.0.07g0.08gN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
                      More tryptophan per 100gTryptophan is an essential amino acid that the body needs for growth, for creating the sleep hormone melatonin, the neurotransmitter serotonin and for the synthesis of vitamin B3.
                      More tryptophan per 100gTryptophan is an essential amino acid that the body needs for growth, for creating the sleep hormone melatonin, the neurotransmitter serotonin and for the synthesis of vitamin B3.0.02g0.03gN.A.0.03g0.03gN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.
                      Total score for "Amino acids"
                      Total score for "Amino acids"
                      Antioxidants
                      More daidzein per 100gDaidzin is an isoflavone compound found in vegetables and legumes, especially soy and soybeans. It stimulates the formation of bone mass and helps regulate estrogen levels.
                      More daidzein per 100gDaidzin is an isoflavone compound found in vegetables and legumes, especially soy and soybeans. It stimulates the formation of bone mass and helps regulate estrogen levels.N.A.0mg0.01mgN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.0mg0mg
                      More kaempferol per 100gKaempferol is a bioflavonoid found in many plants. It has antioxidant properties and is currently being used in cancer research, as it is thought to reduce the risk of various cancers.
                      More kaempferol per 100gKaempferol is a bioflavonoid found in many plants. It has antioxidant properties and is currently being used in cancer research, as it is thought to reduce the risk of various cancers.N.A.0mgN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.0.3mg0.1mg
                      More myricetin per 100gMyricetin is a bioflavonoid found in many fruits and vegetables, as well as in red wine. It has antioxidant, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties, and can potentially protect cells from carcinogenic mutations.
                      More myricetin per 100gMyricetin is a bioflavonoid found in many fruits and vegetables, as well as in red wine. It has antioxidant, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties, and can potentially protect cells from carcinogenic mutations.N.A.0mgN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.0.7mg0mg
                      More quercetin content per 100gQuercetin is a bioflavonoid found in many plants and grains, known for its positive effects on the immune system and for its antioxidant properties. It often used in treating allergies.
                      More quercetin content per 100gQuercetin is a bioflavonoid found in many plants and grains, known for its positive effects on the immune system and for its antioxidant properties. It often used in treating allergies.N.A.0mgN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.3.6mg1mg
                      Total score for "Antioxidants"
                      Total score for "Antioxidants"

                      Why do we need fruits to stay healthy?

                      Everybody knows we need fruits to stay healthy, because of all vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients they contain. We know that nutrients, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, sodium, calcium are crucial to maintain a healthy body, but why exactly do we need vitamins and why do we need minerals? The 6 classes of essential nutrients, which will be explained below, are vital for proper growth, development and functioning of our body and a deficiency of an essential nutrient can cause different kinds of serious health problems.
                      Fruits are one of the most important foods, in particular because of the amount of vitamins they contain. If you want to make sure you eat nutritious fruits to stay perfectly healthy and you are not missing any nutrient, check out the top 10 vitamins and most important nutrients.

                      6 nutrients our body needs

                      The 6 classes of essential nutrients the human body needs for a proper functioning, development and growth are carbohydrates, proteins and fats (macronutrients), which are needed in bigger amounts than the essential vitamins and minerals (micronutrients). Most fruits consist mainly of water - a vital nutrient - vitamins, minerals and carbs, while some fruits also contain protein and fats. Fruits and vegetables are therefore our main source of most vitamins and minerals and an extremely important part of our nutrition. These nutrients are called essential because the human body cannot synthesize them on its own to the amount needed. Some vitamins can be synthesized in small amounts by the human body and they can be obtained through animal products, since farm animals eat plants, but the daily amount required can only be obtained through the intake of fruits and vegetables.

                      Essential nutrients found in fruits

                      *(daily recommended intake for an adult per day)

                      Vitamins

                      Vitamins are a set of organic compounds, grouped under alphabetical letters (A, B, C, D, E & K) and classified by their biological and chemical activity, not their structure. For instance, all B vitamins help the body to convert either carbohydrates, fats or proteins into energy and they are all water-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins cannot be stored by the body, so they have to be obtained by nutrition on daily basis. Fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E & K), on the other hand, can be stored in the body for longer periods. Eating fat is therefore necessary in order to absorb the vitamins, thus a lack of fat intake leads to deficiency of these fat-soluble vitamins. The biochemical functions of vitamin groups are very diverse and even within a group each vitamin has its special functions.

                      Vitamin A (3mg)
                      Vitamin A comes in different forms, though in foods it can be found in two principal forms: retinol and carotenes (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, gamma-carotene). Vitamin A has multiple functions; it promotes a healthy vision, hair, skin and a healthy immune system. It acts as an antioxidant and is important for growth and development, especially for bone growth, reproduction, cell recognition and embryonic development. Fruits that contain lots of vitamin A are papayas, cantaloupes, grapefruits, guavas, mangos, passion fruits, tomatoes and watermelons.

                      Vitamin B1 / Thiamine (1.5mg)
                      Vitamin B1 is necessary for carbohydrate metabolism, thus producing energy. It is necessary for a proper nerve functioning and for DNA and RNA production, therefore a deficiency is crucial for the nervous system, for brain as well as for heart health. Fruits with higher amounts of vitamin B1 are avocados, cherimoyas, guavas, grapefruits, dates, grapes, mangos, pineapples and watermelons.

                      Vitamin B2 / Riboflavin (1.7mg)
                      Vitamin B2 is important for energy production, since it helps to break down proteins, fats and carbs. It works as an antioxidant protecting our body from free radicals that can damage DNA and cells. These free radicals can cause disruptions of living cells by “stealing” electrons from them. When too many cells are “attacked” by free radicals and too many of these particles exist, diseases can develop, like heart diseases or cancer. Thus it is important to consume nutrients that act as antioxidants. Vitamin B2 is also important for a healthy skin, growth, red blood cell production and for the processing of vitamin B6 and B9. Fairly good fruit sources for vitamin B2 are apricots, bananas, cherimoyas, dates, lychees, mangos, passion fruits, pomegranates and prickly pears.

                      Vitamin B3 / Niacin (20mg)
                      Vitamin B3 acts as an antioxidant and plays an important role in the nervous system and in energy production. It is needed for DNA repairing, a healthy digestive system and healthy skin. Vitamin B3 is mainly found in animal products, but fruits like avocados, peaches, lychees, apricots, dates, guavas, mangos, nectarines and passion fruits contain a fair amount of it.

                      Vitamin B5/ Pantothenic acid (5mg)
                      This vitamin is, as are all B-vitamins, primarily important for energy metabolism. It participates in many crucial biological roles, like signal transduction and enzyme activation and deactivation. A deficiency can cause a wide range of negative health effects, such as apathy, irritability, fatigue or neurological symptoms, like numbness or muscle cramps. Fruits that contain higher amounts of vitamin B5 are avocados, dates, guavas, pomegranates, raspberries, strawberries and grapefruits.

                      Vitamin B6 / Pyridoxine (2mg)
                      Vitamin B6 is crucial for the synthesis of neurotransmitters, promoting a healthy nervous system. It assists in cell health, energy production and utilization, as well as hormonal optimization. It helps to promote a healthy immune system and is necessary for the absorption of the essential vitamin B12. Fruits that contain higher amounts of vitamin B6 are acerolas, prunes, avocados, papayas, oranges, cantaloupes and bananas.

                      Vitamin B9 / Folate (400µg)
                      Vitamin B9 is involved in the metabolism of important amino and nucleic acids, essential for cell division and therefore crucial during pregnancy and for fertility. It is also very important for red blood cell production, muscle building, iron formation, cell enhancement and skin cell building and repairing. It especially helps promoting heart and mental health.
                      Fruits that contain much vitamin B9 are avocados, oranges and tropical fruits, such as mangos, papayas, guavas, kiwifruits, bananas and pomegranates.

                      Vitamin C (60mg)
                      Vitamin C is a very important vitamin, as it plays key roles in many important body functions. It is necessary for the synthesis of collagen, providing structure to skin, blood vessels, bone and ligaments. It therefore helps for wound healing and for forming scar tissue, as well as it repairs and maintains teeth, bones and cartilages. It acts as an important antioxidant, keeping the immune system safe, especially since it aids absorbing essential iron. Vitamin C is most commonly linked to fruits, since many fruits contain high amounts of vitamin C, like guavas, papayas, black currants, kiwifruits, lychees, jujubes, strawberries and it is abundant in citrus fruits, such as nectarines, pomelos, oranges, limes and lemons.

                      Vitamin E (12mg)
                      Vitamin E comes in 8 different forms, the most common being the alpha form. It has many different functions in the body, but mostly it acts as an antioxidant, protects cells and helps promoting a healthy vision. It also helps to promote a healthy immune system and is involved in repairing body tissues. Fruits that contain the highest amount of vitamin E are mamey sapotes, all kinds of avocados, kiwifruits and black currants.

                      Vitamin K (120μg)
                      Vitamin K is crucial for the creation of blood clots and for a proper bone metabolism. It is also very important for the regulation of blood calcium levels. Fruits that contain lots of vitamin K are kiwifruits, avocados, blueberries, blackberries, pomegranates and rhubarbs.

                      Minerals

                      Minerals are naturally occurring chemical elements that can’t be be produced by our bodies and must be provided by our diet. They are vital for biochemical processes, as they serve structural and functional roles and act as electrolytes. The five major minerals in the human body are calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and magnesium. Minerals found in low concentrations are called trace elements. Trace elements with a very important biochemical function are iron, cobalt, copper, zinc, manganese, molybdenum, iodine, and selenium.

                      Potassium (3,500mg)
                      Potassium helps maintaining electrolyte balance in the body, as well as the fluid volume balance inside and outside of cells. It prevents the excess rise of blood pressure with increased sodium intake and is essential for nerve, heart and muscle function. Therefore, a deficiency in potassium can create high blood pressure (hypertension), fatigue and irritability.
                      Fruits with a high amount of potassium are avocados, guavas, bananas, passion fruits, kiwi fruits, apricots and pomegranates.

                      Calcium (1,000mg)
                      Calcium is mostly found in dairy products and less in fruits, but knowing which fruits contain a fair amount of calcium is especially important for vegans. It is a crucial mineral, particularly important to maintain and build strong bones and teeth. It helps blood vessels move blood through the body, helps to release important hormones and enzymes and is essential for nerve cells, thus important for brain and muscle function. These fruits can help you to pimp your calcium level: hibiscus, kumquats, rhubarbs, tamarinds, all kinds of currants, oranges and prickly pears.

                      Phosphorus (1,000mg)
                      As the second most abundant mineral in the body, phosphorus is crucial for us, helping cellular reproduction, particularly cell membranes and nucleic acids and
                      contributing to the growth and repair of tissues. It also filters waste and plays an important role in energy production and bone health maintenance. Fruits like tamarinds, rowals, avocados, currants, groundcherries, and passion fruits contain the highest amounts of phosphorus.

                      Magnesium (400mg)
                      Magnesium is very important for bone development and especially for the proper functioning of various metabolic processes, since it is a co-factor in more than 300 enzyme systems. These systems regulate reactions important for muscle and nerve functions, energy production, protein synthesis, blood pressure regulation and blood glucose control. Fruits that contain a fair amount of magnesium are hibiscus, tamarinds, prickly pears, bananas, apples, avocados and plantains.

                      Zinc (15mg)
                      Zinc is not needed in high amounts, but it is still a very important mineral, stimulating the activity of minimum 100 enzymes. It is necessary for growth, DNA synthesis, for a healthy immune system and wound healing. It also helps to reduce diarrhea and affects learning and memory. Zinc is more commonly found in meat, seafood and vegetables, while following fruits contain the highest amount of zinc; avocados, rowals, blackberries, raspberries and pomegranates.

                      Iron (18mg)
                      Iron is an essential mineral for red blood cells and for the transportation of oxygen in our body. Therefore deficiency in iron causes fatigue and a weaker immune system. It pairs the best with vitamin C and is very important for skin, hair, nail and cells health. Fruits that contain the highest amount of iron are rowals, tamarinds, hibiscus, native persimmons, elderberries, mulberries, abiyuchs and black currants.

                      Water (2l-3l)

                      The human body contains mostly water, in fact, 50-80% of our body weight is water. It is a crucial nutrient, playing a key role in all biochemical reactions that happen in the body, from transporting nutrients to cells to regulating body temperature. It assists in removing waste products from the body, protects joints, the spinal cord and tissues. Fruits and vegetables contain lots of water and are therefore helpful to stay hydrated.
                      Fruits with a very high water content are watermelons, oranges, strawberries, rhubarbs and Florida grapefruits.

                      Carbohydrates (225g-325g)

                      Carbs (saccharides) consist of simple sugars (glucose, fructose or galactose) forming different kinds of chains. When these sugar molecule chains break down into simple sugars (monosaccharides), energy is released. Since glucose is the fuel for all body functions, carbs are our main source of energy. Depending on the amount of simple sugars in the chain, it is called a disaccharide, oligosaccharide or polysaccharide - containing two, eight or more then eight simple sugars. Monosaccharides and disaccharides are called simples carbs, since they break down quickly and provide you with energy for a short period of time. Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides are complex carbs, taking longer to break down, thus providing you with energy for a longer period of time. The regular release of blood sugar prevents blood sugar lows and binges, while candy or sugary drinks consist of simple sugars and create sudden blood sugar lows. Fruits with carbs contain mostly complex ones, like fiber and starches. Dietary fiber in particular is very healthy, since it enhances digestion and is important for absorbing other nutrients. Water-insoluble fiber is linked to a reduced diabetes risk, while water-soluble fiber controls blood sugar levels and can help lower blood cholesterol. Many studies suggest that fructose is bad for human metabolism, although there is insufficient proof to show that it has a negative effect. Contrary, fructose is preferable over glucose in sweetened foods. Of course eating an excessive amount of fruits containing lots of glucose and fructose can cause negative symptoms, like it happens with every excessive intake. The fruit with the highest amount of carbohydrates is by far the tamarind. If you prefer a lighter, but still nutritious snack these fruits are a good pick: bananas, all kinds of apples, breadfruits, jackfruits, rowals, mamey sapotes and passion fruits.

                      Proteins & Fats
                      (46g-56g of proteins & 70g of fat / 24g saturated fats)

                      Proteins and fats are nutrients less common in fruits, but abundant in animal products or nuts, beans and lenses. Fruits with a higher amount of proteins are, for example, avocados, passion fruits, guavas, sugar apples and rowals. Avocados and apples also contain the highest amount of healthy unsaturated fatty acids, together with casaba and cantaloupe melons. Proteins and fats are essential nutrients, due to the complex and vital body functions they are needed for. We need to eat fats, but it is important to eat much more healthy unsaturated fatty acids than unhealthy saturated fatty acids. Fruits can be therefore a healthy way of eating these unsaturated fats. If you are interested in knowing more about these two essential nutrients, check out our ultimate nutrition guide.

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