The device is protected with extra seals to prevent failures caused by dust, raindrops, and water splashes.
Flip-out screens can be useful for tricky shots.
A hot shoe can be used to attach an external flash, as well as light meters, viewfinders, rangefinders and other attachments.
An optical viewfinder (or OVF) allows the photographer to compose a shot while seeing exactly what the lens will capture. OVFs have no time lag and require no power - as opposed to electronic viewfinders, which can drain battery life. OVFs are also better in low light situations.
The device has an LCD display with 3 subpixels per pixel, resulting in sharp and crisp images. Pixels in some displays (like AMOLED) share one subpixel to preserve space. This can result in a less crisp, slightly blurred image.
An electronic viewfinder (or EVF) is a small display which shows the framed image. Benefits of these over optical viewfinders include: they show more of the image; they can be more compact; it's easier to focus with digital zoom; and they sometimes offer extra info on the display (such as a live histogram).
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Canon EOS R
With AF tracking, once you choose the subject and press the shutter release part way down, as the subject moves, the autofocus will follow it. No more out of focus shots.
The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
81.2 x 25.4mm
23.5 x 15.7mm
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
A phase detection autofocus is much faster than a contrast detection autofocus, allowing for sharper images.
The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.
Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 6K
3456 x 50fps
2160 x 30fps
When recording movies they stay focussed and sharp.
A timelapse shows a long passage of time sped up. A series of photographs taken from the same position over a long period is joined together to create a short video. It is great way to capture things like the setting sun, or clouds moving across the sky.
24p is a video format (24 frames per second) traditionally used in cinema. Nowadays, it is used to create film-like motion characteristics.
AVCHD (Advanced Video Coding High Definition) is a file-based format for the digital recording and playback of high-definition video. It's a standard popular among professional cameras and camcorders.
Nikon Z50 + Nikon Nikkor Z DX 16-50mm f/3.5-6.3 VR
Nikon Z50 + Nikon Nikkor Z DX 16-50mm f/3.5-6.3 VR
A stereo microphone allows to record audio files or movies in stereo without an external microphone.
A microphone port allows connecting external high-end or specialized microphones.
More microphones result in better sound quality and enable the device to filter out background noise.
With a standard mini jack socket, you can use the device with most headphones.
Sony a6600 + Sony E 18-135mm F3.5-5.6 OSS
Devices with stereo speakers deliver sound from independent channels on both left and right sides, creating a richer sound and a better experience.
Sony Alpha 7R III + Sony FE 24-70mm f/4 ZA OSS Vario-Tessar T*
Zoom microphones record high-quality audio and enable you to record sound from a distance. They can be useful for recording meetings, lectures, and presentations.
Panasonic Lumix DC-LX100 II
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
The battery is removable and can be replaced by the user if broken.
The battery can be recharged and used over again.
An indicator shows you when the device has low battery.
The manufacturer offers a branded wireless charging kit. To charge the device, you simply put it down on its charging base.
Sony Alpha a9 + Sony FE 24-70mm F2.8 GM
The device has a standard memory slot (such as an SD or micro SD card slot) so that you can either extend the internal storage with affordable memory modules or you can retrieve data, such as photographs, easily from a memory card.
The device can connect to Wi-Fi.
A remote control allows you to control the device remotely. The remote control can be included or optional.
802.11n is a wireless standard released in 2009. It has faster transfer rates and improved security compared to its predecessors - a, b and g.
An accelerometer is a sensor used to measure the linear acceleration of a device. A common application is detecting when a device changes between vertical and horizontal positions.
Devices with a HDMI or mini HDMI port can transfer high definition video and audio to a display.