The Ivy League is an athletic conference composed of sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. The conference name is also commonly used to refer to those eight schools as a group. The term Ivy League also has connotations of academic excellence, selectivity in admissions, and social elitism. Source: university's official website, 2021.
The Academy Awards, now officially known as The Oscars, are a set of awards given annually for excellence of cinematic achievements. Source: Wikipedia, 2021.
The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to an individual selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community. The Turing Award is recognized as the highest distinction in Computer science and Nobel Prize of computing. Source: ACM A.M. Turing's website, 2021.
Source: Nobel Prize's website, 2021.
The total number of the alumni of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals. Alumni are defined as those who obtain bachelor, Master's or doctoral degrees from the institution. Source: Nobel Prize's website, 2021.
The Fields Medal, officially known as International Medal for Outstanding Discoveries in Mathematics, is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), a meeting that takes place every four years. Source: IMU's website, 2021.