Foods with high water content help you stay hydrated. Water also helps transporting nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.
The amount of food energy in kilocalories (kcal) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 1,800 kcal (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
Proteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.
Dietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.
Cholesterol is a lipid essential for producing hormones and takes two forms: LDL, or bad cholesterol, and HDL, good cholesterol. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) contributes to plaque, which can clog arteries and increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) removes LDL from the arteries and carries it to the liver to be broken down.
Choline is essential for the production of cellular membranes and plays a crucial role in acetylcholine synthesis and cholinergic neurotransmission.
Beta carotene is a pigment found in plants and is an antioxidant. When ingested, it converts to vitamin A1 (retinol), which is necessary for eye health, skin health and for maintaining a strong immune system.
Alpha carotene is similar to beta carotene but is more effective in its role as an antioxidant. It helps maintaining healthy bones, skin and vision, as well as a strong immune system.
Beta-cryptoxanthin is an antioxidant that is converted to vitamin A1 (retinol) when ingested. It aids maintaining healthy vision, healthy bones and skin and assists the immune system.