Nikon 1 V2 + 1 Nikkor 10-30mm f/3.5-5.6 VR
Nikon D7100 + 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR DX
80 facts in comparison
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
Device is protected with extra seals to prevent failures due to any kind of weather.
1176 x 784px
1280 x 960px
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
5184 x 3888px
Lenses with built-in focus motor focus faster and more quietly than lenses without a focus motor which rely on the camera's body focus motor.
An optical viewfinder (or OVF) allows the photographer to compose a shot while seeing exactly what the lens sees. There is no time lag and they require no power - as opposed to electronic viewfinders which can drain battery life. They are also better in low light situations.
The focus motor moves the lens in order to autofocus. For system cameras, having a focus motor in the camera's body allows you to use a wide range of lenses, including lenses which do not have their own focus motor. For compact cameras, a focus motor is usually built-in.
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Canon EOS R
13.2 x 8.8mm
23.5 x 15.6mm
The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
81.2 x 25.4mm
f/3.5 (Nikon 1 Nikkor VR 10-30mm F/3.5-5.6)
f/3.5 (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR)
With a wider aperture the sensor can capture more light, helping to avoid blur by enabling a faster shutter speed. It also provides a shallow depth of field, allowing you to blur the background to focus attention on the subject.
Ricoh GR II
With AF tracking, once you choose the subject and press the shutter release part way down, as the subject moves, the autofocus will follow it. No more out of focus shots.
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
1080 x 60fps
1080 x 60fps
The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.
2160 x 60fps
A phase detection autofocus system is faster than a contrast detection autofocus system. Even when recording scenes with a lot of fast movements, the videos are sharp and clear.
A timelapse shows a long passage of time sped up. A series of photographs taken from the same position over a long period is joined together to create a short video. It is great way to capture things like the setting sun, or clouds moving across the sky.
When recording movies they stay focussed and sharp.
24p is a video format (24 frames per second) traditionally used in cinema. Nowadays, it is used to create film-like motion characteristics.
A stereo microphone allows to record audio files or movies in stereo without an external microphone.
A microphone port allows connecting external high-end or specialized microphones.
More microphones result in better sound quality and enable the device to filter out background noise.
Canon EOS 200D
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
The battery is removable and can be replaced by the user if broken.
The battery can be recharged and used over again.
An indicator shows you when the device has low battery.
The device has a standard memory slot (such as an SD or micro SD card slot) so that you can either extend the internal storage with affordable memory modules or you can retrieve data, such as photographs, easily from a memory card.
A remote control allows you to control the device remotely. The remote control can be included or optional.
It has two memory card slots, allowing you to store more photos without switching cards. This is particularly useful on long shoots when you need more space.
GPS enables global positioning, useful in map, geo-tagging or navigation apps.
Newer USB versions are faster and have better power management.
Devices with a HDMI or mini HDMI port can transfer high definition video and audio to a display.
0.2m (Nikon 1 Nikkor VR 10-30mm F/3.5-5.6)
0.45m (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR)
This is the closest distance that the lens can focus. A shorter minimum focus distance allows you to get closer to your subject, and is particularly important when doing macro photography.
Samsung NX Mini + NX-M 9mm f/3.5
77° (Nikon 1 Nikkor VR 10-30mm F/3.5-5.6)
76° (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR)
At the shorter end of the lens you get the widest angle of view. This allows you to fit more of the scene into the photograph (based on APS-C format).
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX850 + Panasonic Lumix G Vario 12-32mm f/3.5-5.6 ASPH
Lenses with a built-in focus motor can autofocus even if the camera does not have its own focus motor.
The front element doesn’t rotate. This is important if you use filters, as some such as polarising or gradient filters have to be orientated a certain way.
A metal mount is generally superior to a plastic mount as it is more durable.
Similar to the number of aperture blades, rounded blades affect the way the light gets through to the sensor. Rounded blades, often only found on more expensive lenses, improve the appearance of the out-of-focus areas. This allows you to attain better, softer looking bokeh in your photos.