Nikon D3200 + Nikkor AF-S DX 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
1176 x 784px
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
5184 x 3888px
An optical viewfinder (or OVF) allows the photographer to compose a shot while seeing exactly what the lens sees. There is no time lag and they require no power - as opposed to electronic viewfinders which can drain battery life. They are also better in low light situations.
With 100% coverage you can compose the image correctly when you capture the photo. With less than full coverage you may have to crop your photos afterwards to get them looking perfect.
Lenses with built-in focus motor focus faster and more quietly than lenses without a focus motor which rely on the camera's body focus motor.
A hot shoe can be used to attach an external flash, as well as light meters, viewfinders, rangefinders and other attachments.
23.2 x 15.4mm
The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
81.2 x 25.4mm
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Canon EOS R
With AF tracking, once you choose the subject and press the shutter release part way down, as the subject moves, the autofocus will follow it. No more out of focus shots.
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
3x (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6G VR)
The zoom range is the ratio between the longest and shortest focal lengths. A higher zoom range means that the lens is more versatile.
Nikon Coolpix P1000
1080 x 30fps
The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.
2160 x 60fps
A phase detection autofocus system is faster than a contrast detection autofocus system. Even when recording scenes with a lot of fast movements, the videos are sharp and clear.
When recording movies they stay focussed and sharp.
24p is a video format (24 frames per second) traditionally used in cinema. Nowadays, it is used to create film-like motion characteristics.
A microphone port allows connecting external high-end or specialized microphones.
More microphones result in better sound quality and enable the device to filter out background noise.
Canon EOS 200D
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
Samsung Galaxy NX Mirrorless + 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6
The battery is removable and can be replaced by the user if broken.
The battery can be recharged and used over again.
An indicator shows you when the device has low battery.
A device's overall image quality score considers: color depth, dynamic range and low light performance. Source: DxOMark.
The maximum ISO at which the device still captures excellent quality images. Source: DxOMark.
Sony Alpha a7 III
The better a device's color depth the more color nuances it can distinguish. Source: DxOMark.
HP Photosmart R927
The better the dynamic range the system captures a wider number of values from dark to light leading to more details in low and highlights. Source: DxOMark.
The device has a standard memory slot (such as an SD or micro SD card slot) so that you can either extend the internal storage with affordable memory modules or you can retrieve data, such as photographs, easily from a memory card.
A remote control allows you to control the device remotely. The remote control can be included or optional.
76° (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6G VR)
At the shorter end of the lens you get the widest angle of view. This allows you to fit more of the scene into the photograph (based on APS-C format).
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX850 + Panasonic Lumix G Vario 12-32mm f/3.5-5.6 ASPH
0.28m (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6G VR)
This is the closest distance that the lens can focus. A shorter minimum focus distance allows you to get closer to your subject, and is particularly important when doing macro photography.
Samsung NX Mini + NX-M 9mm f/3.5
Lenses with a built-in focus motor can autofocus even if the camera does not have its own focus motor.
5TStop (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6G VR)
The transmission result from the DxOMark set of metrics. Transmission refers to the amount of light that reaches the sensor through all of the glass elements of a lens, with a lower TStop signifying more light. This is important as less light reaching the sensor can lead to the requirement of higher ISOs or slower shutter speeds. Tested with Nikon D7000 or Canon 7D. Source: DxOMark.
Nikon D3 + AF-Nikkor 50mm 1:1.4D
Similar to the number of aperture blades, rounded blades affect the way the light gets through to the sensor. Rounded blades, often only found on more expensive lenses, improve the appearance of the out-of-focus areas. This allows you to attain better, softer looking bokeh in your photos.
7 (Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6G VR)
The aperture controls how much light gets through to the camera’s sensor. More blades is often an indicator of a better quality lens. It also allows you to achieve much nicer looking bokeh when blurring out your background, whereas a lens with less blades will often produce harsher, more polygonal bokeh.
Panasonic Lumix DC-LX100 II