The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
23.2 x 15.4mm
Polaroid Snap: 81.2 x 25.4mm
35.9 x 24mm
3. focus points
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Canon EOS R: 5655
4. continuous shooting at high resolution
Fast continuous shooting is useful for catching action shots.
Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II: 60fps
The maximum ISO at which the device still captures excellent quality images. Source: DxOMark.
Sony Alpha a7 III: 3730ISO
6. maximum light sensitivity
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR: 1640000 ISO
7. longer battery life
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
Nikon D3x: 4400shots
8. image quality
A device's overall image quality score considers: color depth, dynamic range and low light performance. Source: DxOMark.
Sony Alpha 7R II: 98
9. video recording (main camera)
The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.
1080 x 30fps
Fujifilm X-T3: 2160 x 60fps
1080 x 30fps
265g(Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6G VR)
HTC Re: 65.5g
485g(Nikon AF-S Nikkor 24-85mm F/3.5-4.5G ED VR)
11. fastest shutter speed
A faster maximum shutter speed allows taking pictures of fast moving subjects without blur.
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 IV: 1/32000s
12. color depth
The better a device's color depth the more color nuances it can distinguish. Source: DxOMark.
HP Photosmart R927: 42bits
13. Has phase detection autofocus for videos
A phase detection autofocus system is faster than a contrast detection autofocus system. Even when recording scenes with a lot of fast movements, the videos are sharp and clear.
The better the dynamic range the system captures a wider number of values from dark to light leading to more details in low and highlights. Source: DxOMark.
Nikon D810A: 14.8Evs
17. has built-in optical image stabilization
Optical image stabilization uses gyroscopic sensors to detect the vibrations of the camera. The lens adjusts the optical path accordingly, ensuring that any type of motion blur is corrected before the sensor captures the image.
A timelapse shows a long passage of time sped up. A series of photographs taken from the same position over a long period is joined together to create a short video. It is great way to capture things like the setting sun, or clouds moving across the sky.