The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
6.17 x 4.55mm
Polaroid Snap: 81.2 x 25.4mm
3. focus points
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Sony Alpha a9: 693
4. continuous shooting at high resolution
Fast continuous shooting is useful for catching action shots.
Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II: 60fps
The maximum ISO at which the device still captures excellent quality images. Source: DxOMark.
Sony Alpha 7S: 3702ISO
6. maximum light sensitivity
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR: 1640000 ISO
7. image quality
A device's overall image quality score considers: color depth, dynamic range and low light performance. Source: DxOMark.
Sony Alpha 7R II: 98
HTC Re: 65.5g
9. longer battery life
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
Nikon D3x: 4400shots
10. video recording
1080 x 30fps
Canon EOS 1D X Mark II: 2160 x 60fps
11. color depth
The better a device's color depth the more color nuances it can distinguish. Source: DxOMark.
HP Photosmart R927: 42bits
12. fastest shutter speed
A faster maximum shutter speed allows taking pictures of fast moving subjects without blur.
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 IV: 1/32000s
13. dynamic range
The better the dynamic range the system captures a wider number of values from dark to light leading to more details in low and highlights. Source: DxOMark.