Proteins are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. The recommended daily dose is 0.8-1g of protein per 1 kg of body weight.
Dietary fiber, also called roughage, is present in plants, in soluble or insoluble form. Eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains rich in fiber helps the digestion process.
Lipids are essential for a healthy, balanced diet. They provide energy and also play a key role in the production of hormones and cell membranes, as well as in the absorption of nutrients and fat-soluble vitamins.
The amount of food energy in kilocalories (kcal) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 1,800 kcal (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
The amount of food energy in kiloJoules (kJ) per 100g. The minimum daily requirement is approximately 7,500 kJ (according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).
Cholesterol is a lipid essential for producing hormones and takes two forms: LDL, or bad cholesterol, and HDL, good cholesterol. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) contributes to plaque, which can clog arteries and increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) removes LDL from the arteries and carries it to the liver to be broken down.
Granny Smith Apple
The total amount of sugars, including glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, maltose, and trehalose. A sugar-heavy diet can cause metabolic dysfunctions.
Sucrose, also known as table sugar, is composed out of glucose and fructose. Sucrose is rich in calories, but doesn’t have a high nutritional value.
Glucose, also known as blood sugar, is the main source of energy.
Fructose, also called fruit sugar, is a monosaccharide which is absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Consuming too much fructose can cause high blood pressure.
Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, and are divided in 4 groups: oligosaccharides (glycose), monosaccharides and disaccharides which are sugars and serve as a quick source of energy, while polysaccharides, like starches serve for storing energy.
Maltose is a type of sugar (disaccharide) which helps regulate digestion due to its antimicrobial properties.
Magnesium is an important mineral for bone development and helps the proper functioning of various metabolic processes, like activating the enzymes that help in energy production.
Iron is found in hemoglobin, which represents approximately 2 thirds of the body’s iron reserve.
Calcium is a mineral which is very important for bone health. The recommended daily dose for adults is approximately 1000mg.
Sodium helps regulate the water level in the cells, especially in the kidneys. The amount of sodium consumed also influences blood pressure.
Manganese is a trace mineral that assists in bone formation, skin integrity and assists the enzymes that control blood sugar.
Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral found in the human body, after calcium. It helps cellular reproduction and contributes to the growth and repair of tissues.
Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin that comes in various forms. It is primarily important in maintaining healthy vision and the development of bones, soft tissues and skin. IU (International Units) is the unit of measurement that almost all food labels use.
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is primarily important for maintaining healthy vision. It also acts as an antioxidant and is important for the health of teeth, bones, soft tissues and skin. RAE (Retinol Activity Equivalent) is the unit of measurement the scientific community prefers.
Also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, vitamin C helps strengthen the immune system and is commonly used to prevent viral infectious diseases.
Retinol (vitamin A1) plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy vision, especially night vision. It is important for the development of skin, bones and teeth.
Yellow Passion Fruit Juice