Samsung NX5 + Samsung 30mm NX Pancake
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
588 x 392px
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
5184 x 3888px
An optical viewfinder (or OVF) allows the photographer to compose a shot while seeing exactly what the lens sees. There is no time lag and they require no power - as opposed to electronic viewfinders which can drain battery life. They are also better in low light situations.
With 100% coverage you can compose the image correctly when you capture the photo. With less than full coverage you may have to crop your photos afterwards to get them looking perfect.
A system camera has lots of changeable parts such as lenses, flashes and other accessories. They offer greater flexibility than compact cameras.
23.4 x 15.6mm
The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
81.2 x 25.4mm
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Canon EOS R
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
1x (Samsung NX 30mm F2 Pancake)
The zoom range is the ratio between the longest and shortest focal lengths. A higher zoom range means that the lens is more versatile.
Nikon Coolpix P1000
f/2 (Samsung NX 30mm F2 Pancake)
With a wider aperture the sensor can capture more light, helping to avoid blur by enabling a faster shutter speed. It also provides a shallow depth of field, allowing you to blur the background to focus attention on the subject.
Ricoh GR II
720 x 30fps
The maximum resolution available for videos shot with the main camera. Although it may be possible to choose among other frame rates, those recordings usually have lower resolutions.
2160 x 60fps
When recording movies they stay focussed and sharp.
A stereo microphone allows to record audio files or movies in stereo without an external microphone.
More microphones result in better sound quality and enable the device to filter out background noise.
Canon EOS 200D
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
Samsung Galaxy NX Mirrorless + 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6
The battery is removable and can be replaced by the user if broken.
The battery can be recharged and used over again.
An indicator shows you when the device has low battery.
The device has a standard memory slot (such as an SD or micro SD card slot) so that you can either extend the internal storage with affordable memory modules or you can retrieve data, such as photographs, easily from a memory card.
A remote control allows you to control the device remotely. The remote control can be included or optional.
An accelerometer is a sensor used to measure the linear acceleration of a device. A common application is detecting when a device changes between vertical and horizontal positions.
GPS enables global positioning, useful in map, geo-tagging or navigation apps.
Devices with a HDMI or mini HDMI port can transfer high definition video and audio to a display.
Newer USB versions are faster and have better power management.
50.2° (Samsung NX 30mm F2 Pancake)
At the shorter end of the lens you get the widest angle of view. This allows you to fit more of the scene into the photograph (based on APS-C format).
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX850 + Panasonic Lumix G Vario 12-32mm f/3.5-5.6 ASPH
0.25m (Samsung NX 30mm F2 Pancake)
This is the closest distance that the lens can focus. A shorter minimum focus distance allows you to get closer to your subject, and is particularly important when doing macro photography.
Samsung NX Mini + NX-M 9mm f/3.5
Lenses with a built-in focus motor can autofocus even if the camera does not have its own focus motor.
A metal mount is generally superior to a plastic mount as it is more durable.
Similar to the number of aperture blades, rounded blades affect the way the light gets through to the sensor. Rounded blades, often only found on more expensive lenses, improve the appearance of the out-of-focus areas. This allows you to attain better, softer looking bokeh in your photos.
The front element doesn’t rotate. This is important if you use filters, as some such as polarising or gradient filters have to be orientated a certain way.