Sony A230 DSLR + Sony DT 18-55mm/ F3.5-5.6 SAM
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
An optical viewfinder (or OVF) allows the photographer to compose a shot while seeing exactly what the lens sees. There is no time lag and they require no power - as opposed to electronic viewfinders which can drain battery life. They are also better in low light situations.
A higher screen resolution provides a sharper image, making it easier to review your photos.
Fujifilm X-T1 + XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 R LM OIS
588 x 392px
Panasonic Lumix DC-TS7
5184 x 3888px
The focus motor moves the lens in order to autofocus. For system cameras, having a focus motor in the camera's body allows you to use a wide range of lenses, including lenses which do not have their own focus motor. For compact cameras, a focus motor is usually built-in.
23.5 x 15.7mm
The larger the sensor the more light the sensor captures yielding in better image quality.
81.2 x 25.4mm
The more focus points the more flexibility in picking which part of the scene to focus on. They also give the image sensor a better probability in identifying the right area of the scene to focus on in more automatic modes.
Canon EOS R
Fast continuous shooting is useful for catching action shots.
Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II
With a higher light sensitivity (ISO level), the sensor absorbs more light. This can be used to capture moving objects using a fast shutter speed, or to take images in low light without using a flash.
Nikon D7500 + Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
A faster maximum shutter speed allows taking pictures of fast moving subjects without blur.
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 IV
When recording movies they stay focussed and sharp.
More microphones result in better sound quality and enable the device to filter out background noise.
Canon EOS 200D
CIPA is an independent, standard measurement that determines how many shots a camera can take before the battery dies.
Samsung Galaxy NX Mirrorless + 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6
The battery is removable and can be replaced by the user if broken.
The battery can be recharged and used over again.
An indicator shows you when the device has low battery.
A device's overall image quality score considers: color depth, dynamic range and low light performance. Source: DxOMark.
The better a device's color depth the more color nuances it can distinguish. Source: DxOMark.
HP Photosmart R927
The better the dynamic range the system captures a wider number of values from dark to light leading to more details in low and highlights. Source: DxOMark.
A remote control allows you to control the device remotely. The remote control can be included or optional.
The device has a standard memory slot (such as an SD or micro SD card slot) so that you can either extend the internal storage with affordable memory modules or you can retrieve data, such as photographs, easily from a memory card.
Devices with a HDMI or mini HDMI port can transfer high definition video and audio to a display.
76° (Sony DT 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6)
At the shorter end of the lens you get the widest angle of view. This allows you to fit more of the scene into the photograph (based on APS-C format).
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX850 + Panasonic Lumix G Vario 12-32mm f/3.5-5.6 ASPH
Lenses with a built-in focus motor can autofocus even if the camera does not have its own focus motor.
0.25m (Sony DT 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6)
This is the closest distance that the lens can focus. A shorter minimum focus distance allows you to get closer to your subject, and is particularly important when doing macro photography.
Samsung NX Mini + NX-M 9mm f/3.5
7 (Sony DT 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6)
The aperture controls how much light gets through to the camera’s sensor. More blades is often an indicator of a better quality lens. It also allows you to achieve much nicer looking bokeh when blurring out your background, whereas a lens with less blades will often produce harsher, more polygonal bokeh.
Panasonic Lumix DC-LX100 II
A normal lens is one that doesn't fall into another category such as wide angle or telephoto, and typically has a focal length between 35mm and 70mm. These lenses aren't tailored towards a specific type of photography, and so are quite versatile.
Similar to the number of aperture blades, rounded blades affect the way the light gets through to the sensor. Rounded blades, often only found on more expensive lenses, improve the appearance of the out-of-focus areas. This allows you to attain better, softer looking bokeh in your photos.